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ISSCA Conference at University of Miami Attracts Regenerative Medicine Experts and Physicians from across the Globe

The regenerative medicine symposium was held on October 24-27 with nearly 200 attendees and over 20 expert speakers MIAMI LAKES, Florida—The International Society for Stem Cell Application (ISSCA), in collaboration with SISDET, held a highly successful three-day medical conference on the University of Miami campus on October 24-26. The conference featured a host of international experts in regenerative medicine and introduced new standards in regenerative medicine protocols to those in attendance. The Miami conference is part of the ISSCA’s growing commitment to increasing the awareness and practice of regenerative medicine across the globe in an effort to help alleviate suffering for those diagnosed with degenerative diseases. Around 200 physicians, scientists, and researchers interested in regenerative medicine traveled to the University of Miami campus for the event. The...

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Phase I/II Study of Safety and Preliminary Efficacy of Intravenous Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Chronic Stroke

Phase I/II Study of Safety and Preliminary Efficacy of Intravenous Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Chronic Stroke Michael L. Levy, MD, PhD; John R. Crawford, MD; Nabil Dib, MD; Lev Verkh, PhD; Nikolai Tankovich, MD, PhD; Steven C. Cramer, MD   Background and Purpose—Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability. Limited treatment options exist for patients with chronic stroke and substantial functional de?cits. The current study examined safety and preliminary ef?cacy estimates of intravenous allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells in this population.   Methods—Entry criteria included ischemic stroke >6 months prior and substantial impairment (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score =6) and disability. Enrollees received a single intravenous dose of allogeneic ischemia-tolerant mesenchymal stem cells. Phase 1 used a dose-escalation design (3 tiers, n=5 each). Phase 2 was an...

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Biodistribution, migration and homing of systemically applied mesenchymal stem/stromal cells

Biodistribution, migration and homing of systemically applied mesenchymal stem/stromal cells Abstract Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) are increasingly used as an intravenously applied cellular therapeutic. They were found to be potent in situations such as tissue repair or severe inflammation. Still, data are lacking with regard to the biodistribution of MSCs, their cellular or molecular target structures, and the mechanisms by which MSCs reach these targets. This review discusses current hypotheses for how MSCs can reach tissue sites. Both preclinical and clinical studies using MSCs applied intravenously or intra-arterially are discussed in the context of our current understanding of how MSCs might work in physiological and pathological situations. Background In the 1970s, Friedenstein and colleagues [1] first reported that locally applied culture-expanded populations of bone marrow stroma-derived fibroblastic cells remained...

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The FDA Vs Stem Cell Treatments In The US

The FDA Vs Stem Cell Treatments In The US Stem cell therapy has become a popular type of treatment for a number of conditions, including to assist in the regeneration of injured tissue or diseases cells in the human body. This therapy is classified as regenerative medicine. Several advancements have already been made in this medical field, and many had experienced positive results when they underwent stem cell therapy to assist in the treatment of degenerative conditions. While stem cell therapy has been proven to provide an effective protocol in the recovery of stroke, neurological issues, and even to assist in repairing the damage that was dealt by a heart attack, recent reports have caused many to view these treatments in a negative perspective. This is due...

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EXOSOMES

One major aims of regenerative medicine is to replace lost tissue with new cellular material or to improve the regeneration of damaged, malfunctioning, diseases tissue and organs using stem cell transplantation. In view of this,  the discovery of Extracellular vesicles (EVs) in the twentieth century have being considered as significant factors in inflammation and immune responses, antigen presentation, immunomodulation, coagulation, tissue regeneration, organ repair, cell-cell communication, senescence, proliferation and differentiation in the body [1].  Extracellular vesicles are believed to be involved in many biological processes and they can be modified to contain specific proteins, genetic lipids, and genetic materials including messenger RNA (mRNA), microRNA (mRNA), and other small non-coding RNAs, and genomic DNA (gDNA) from their progenitor cell. Extracellular vesicles are classified into two groups which...

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MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS

Over the last decade, cellular therapy has developed quickly at the level of in vitro and in vivo preclinical research and in clinical trials. Thus, one of the types of adult stem cells that have provided a great amount of interest in the field of regenerative medicine due to their unique biological properties is Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).  Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to be multipotent stromal cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types which include osteoblasts (bone cells), chondrocytes (cartilage cells), myocytes (muscle cells) and adipocytes (fat cells which give rise to marrow adipose tissue). Furthermore, MSCs are responsible for tissue repair, growth, wound healing and cell substitution resulting from physiological or pathological causes; they have various therapeutic applications such as...

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What Are The Best Options For Managing Chronic Pain?

Chronic pain. Roughly translated as a condition of persistent misery for people.  It is a serious health condition that has both physical and psychological suffering and is often associated with a specific ailment like arthritis, migraine, frozen limb, etc. People who suffer from chronic pain perceive themselves to be in a state of constant agony and distress, which can affect their ability to lead a ‘normal’ life, from being able to go to work every day to social interaction. There are several treatment options that people resort to for managing persistent pain conditions. In this article, we talk about those treatment options with the stem cell regeneration being the most current and promising one. Also, we will discuss the potential benefits and pros and cons of...

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Which are the best options For Treating Common Sports Injuries?

As physicians, we are constantly dealing with sports injuries. While they are typically not seen as life-threatening with high chances of recovery, they could potentially cause further problems down the line for the patient. Sports injuries can also take months to heal and getting patients back on their feet can take a lot of time, effort and money, which can be frustrating for patients who want to get back to playing football every weekend or for those who have a skiing holiday booked in the next month.  Recently, there has been a massive surge in the use of stem cells as an alternative treatment to common sports injuries. This article aims to outline the benefits and risks attached to using stem cells and how this alternative...

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How To Effectively Treat Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

Although a rare neurologic condition, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is the most common type of Motor Neuron Disease (MND),  a condition that affects the voluntary muscles. This is a progressive disorder that leads to muscle weakness and depletion due to nerve dysfunction. ALS is also called Lou Gehrig’s disease, named after the football player who had this condition. The literal meaning of Amyotrophic is ‘no muscle nourishment’ which becomes the cause of muscle atrophy. ‘Lateral’ refers to the group of nerves in the spinal cord that sends signals to the muscles. It is these nerves that degenerate, leading to sclerosis in this region. In later stages, this affects the nerves that control breathing and hence can be fatal. The initial symptoms of ALS include stiffness and muscle...

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Which Works Better, Viscosupplementation, or Platelet Rich Plasma?

One of the treatments that the FDA approved for knee arthritis is a Hyalronic Acid (HA) injection, sometimes also known as  Viscosupplementation. It has been incredibly successful for knee arthritis. In fact, so successful that many physicians are starting to use it on other parts of the body, like the hip and shoulder, which the FDA does not approve of. HA, when injected, works like the fluid that naturally surrounds your joints. This fluid can be like a lubricant for your joints, and absorb shock, allowing bones that otherwise cause arthritis pain cause much less. Over time, it is even absorbed into the joint, which can cause the body to create a more stable cartilage all on its own. The evidence for this treatment is astounding,...

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